What is cloud computing in layman’s terms?

Subhash was a smart, innovative, and self-employed 23-year-old guy who started a small business on a limited budget. He’s always wanted to intelligently limit operating expenses and adopt smarter investment techniques. In the early stages of his business, he realized he was facing some really expensive and difficult challenges. He took on the biggest challenges and one of them was buying hardware for each employee along with the software and their licenses, which he found to be extremely tiring. In addition, he discovered other issues such as storage capacity, keeping up-to-date with the latest software, and ongoing trends in the market. He felt that with each new hire more software was needed, such problems aggravated the situation and distracted him from his company’s goals. He did some research and finally decided on cloud computing – a smart and easy-to-use choice that’s also easy on the wallet.


In the earliest days, as Homo sapiens grew, they miraculously transformed from apes into humans. Grown a little: basic needs understood – food, clothes, shelter. Bred more found media to meet these basic needs. Then they started “development”, now they had farms for food, wells for water, mills for clothes, bricks for houses. Necessities give birth to utilities. The same scenario applies to business computing. One of the latest successful utilities is cloud computing. Traditionally, companies have built their own internal IT infrastructure that meets all technical requirements. But that required expensive equipment and servers, and installed everything locally – too much hard work to make ends meet! things have changed. With the advent of cloud computing, a company can get reliable and more secure business computing provided like a utility service. We buy basic supplies for the smooth functioning of our daily life, we also “BUY” IT infrastructure as a service! Just spend on what we need and focus on business, not technology.

Technically – What is Cloud Computing?

Cloud computing is the deployment that allows the user to log into a web-based service that hosts all the programs needed to get work done. The cloud computing service provider runs everything from email to word processing to various complex data analysis programs. The term “cloud” actually refers to the network of computers that perform all assigned tasks. Cloud computing service providers charge fees for maintaining and managing data inputs from customers. Cloud computing has emerged as the next big thing in the dome of application software, storage, hardware and platform flexibility, offering simple solutions to the most complex things! The system favors all sizes of business, but proves very fruitful for medium and small businesses.

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All one needs to avail the service is a simple computer system, a web browser and the internet. It has become the lifeline of organizations looking for a simple solution to the complex problem of selecting and organizing software for each employee’s workspace. Have you ever noticed that every internet user benefits significantly from cloud computing? The best examples of cloud computing are Gmail, Amazon web services and Google applications where a browser helps the user to access the application whenever he wants.

How it works?

Knowing how cloud computing works is interesting. Structural design can be categorized into two main sections: frontend and backend. The front end is controlled by the end user or client, or let’s say the web browser using the cloud services. Back-end is the network of servers with every computer program and data storage system that runs, manages and maintains the cloud (in short – the service provider).

Cloud has a centralized server management system. The centralized server manages the system, balancing and adjusting customer supply and demand, monitoring traffic and avoiding congestion. This server follows a set of rules (protocol) known as middleware. Middleware, as the name suggests, is the intermediary that allows networked computers to talk to each other. Looking at the other side of the process, one can rename cloud computing to environmentally friendly computer use because it helps in successful energy saving.

Can cloud computing be pocket-friendly?

Cloud computing is also inexpensive. Unlike traditional computing, the service condenses “hard costs” such as hardware, infrastructure, software licensing costs, and “soft costs” such as IT staff, troubleshooting, energy costs for running the servers, desktops, and cooling the entire server room. As for data maintenance costs, they are also quite reduced since they are maintained by the service provider (they perform the full set of tasks; from running the cloud to storing data). The need for high capacity hard drives can be eliminated as all data is stored on a remote computer.

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A system failure can leave the owner with a severe nervous breakdown due to high data recovery and system repair costs, not to mention the loss of data. In such situations, of course, the show goes on, because the data can be operated from the remote computer from anywhere!

The market is in favor of the buyer. The number of service providers has grown over the past three years. In this computing space, we have key players like Microsoft, Google, Amazon, Intel and many others competing fiercely to build effective and impressive clouds for their customers.

Brownie Points for Cloud Computing Users!

The benefits of cloud computing don’t end there. Databases in cloud computing are very dynamic and scalable, which means that local computers no longer have to deal with heavy applications that almost bring the speed of the local computer to a standstill, and most importantly, the hardware and software requirements on the user side decrease. But who plays the protagonist in the whole history of cloud computing? answer is data. The cloud not only creates, operates and manages the data, but also secures it.

Data security is the top priority in all cloud data operations. Undoubtedly, the data is backed up in multiple locations. This is called redundancy of data – the most important attribute of cloud computing service. Another advantage of cloud computing is that data access is not limited to a specific hardware or storage device. The data can be accessed anytime, anywhere.

Has the right cloud been chosen?

But there are some important concerns that one should not avoid before relying on the service. One of them is choosing the right form of cloud computing from:

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ï‚· SAAS (Software As A Service): Here users rent application software and databases. It is commonly known as on-demand software. For example: ADP (longtime provider of payroll services), Google apps.

ï‚· IAAS (Infrastructure As A Service): Here the cloud providers provide their customers with servers (as many as the customer needs) for a fee per server. Example: “Amazon Webservices” is one of the most successful IAAS providers to date.

ï‚· PAAS (Platform As A Service): In this form of cloud computing, users rent the complete set of servers plus the necessary software to use them on them. Example: Salesforce.com is one of the most popular PAAS providers.

According to the business needs, the user should tactfully choose the most suitable form of cloud computing. Secondly, the important decision of choosing the right service provider proves to be fruitful in the long run. One needs to ensure that the provider is reliable, has a good reputation for customer service and satisfaction, and has a proven track record of handling the business ventures in question. They should be prudently equipped with appropriate techniques that clearly and discreetly separate data. Data from different customers should be treated with the utmost care and confidentiality. Most importantly, cloud computing providers need to have proper disaster recovery policies in place to deal with unfortunate events in the future. Cloud computing can be the right choice that solves umpteen tasks at once. It is the medium to get the best performing system with the best value for money. It is worth embracing the technology that aligns the company with the set goals. After all, in the arena where life moves at the speed of light, 24 hours seems too accurate to get the job done. The business actually needs the undivided attention of the owner, the technology can be taken over by cloud computing service providers, then why risk energy, time and peace of mind? If you only have money to spend.