types of construction projects

Construction is defined as “a process consisting of building or assembling infrastructure”. (See 1. below) On the other hand, a construction project includes “all the materials and labor required to construct a finished structure for use by the end customer. This includes site preparation, foundations, mechanical, electrical work and any other work required to complete the project. ” (See 2nd below)

There are different types of construction projects:

  1. residential

    Residential developments include houses, townhouses, apartments, condominiums, cottages, single family homes and subdivisions. Housing designs are generally done by architects and engineers, and construction is carried out by contractors who subcontract structural, electrical, mechanical, and other specialized work. This type of project must comply with local building codes and codes of practice. Many new builders are attracted to residential projects because they make it easier to get into the real estate market. This makes it a highly competitive market with potentially high risks as well as high rewards.

  2. building

    Building construction is perhaps the most popular type of construction projects. It is the process of giving structure to real estate. Most projects are room extensions and minor renovations. Most new construction projects involve the construction of sheltered enclosures with walk-in access for the purpose of housing people, equipment, machinery or supplies. It includes the installation of utilities and equipment.

  3. Institutional and commercial

    Institutional and commercial building construction includes a variety of project types and sizes, such as hospitals and clinics, schools and universities, sports complexes and stadiums, large shopping malls and retail chains, light manufacturing facilities and warehouses, and skyscrapers for offices and hotels. Specialized architects and engineers are often hired to design a specific type of building. This market segment has few competitors due to the high cost and greater complexity of institutional and commercial buildings compared to residential projects.

  4. Industrial

    Industrial construction is only a small part of the overall construction industry, but it is still a very important part of the industry. These projects are generally owned by large, for-profit industrial companies such as manufacturing, power generation, medical, petroleum, etc.

  5. Specialized industrial construction

    These types of construction projects are typically very large projects with a high level of technological complexity such as nuclear power plants, chemical processing plants, steel mills and oil refineries.

  6. highway construction

    Road construction includes the construction, modification or repair of roads, highways, roads, lanes, runways, paths, parking lots, etc. It includes all ancillary structures related to the road construction project.

  7. heavy construction

    Heavy construction projects are usually projects that are not properly classified as “buildings” or “highway”. Examples of this type of project would be: water and sewerage projects, dams, sewage treatment plants and facilities, flood control projects, dredging projects and water treatment plants and facilities.

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These are the most popular types of construction projects. Construction is a big industry and there are now several construction companies to choose from. Coupled with the use of the internet, this has made it easier for the consumer to make a decision on how to proceed with their projects. You just have to do a little research. Do not hesitate to contact these builders and ask questions. Construction projects are big undertakings and you need to make the right decisions when starting these projects.

1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Construction_project

2. http://www.steelbuildingreference.com/steel_buildings_definitions.htm