Patent Administration in India

The administration of patent matters in India is handled by the Patents and Trademarks Office. This office falls under the jurisdiction of the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion, which reports to the Department of Commerce of the Government of India. The Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trademarks is responsible for administrative procedures related to intellectual property rights, including patents. There are four patent offices in four different locations in India to facilitate the filing of patent applications for Indian researchers and scientists. Patents headquarters are in Kolkata, while Brand offices are in Mumbai, Delhi and Chennai.

These four offices are responsible for different states of the country. The Patent Office hierarchy includes the Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trademarks, assisted by the Senior Joint Controller of Patents and Designs. Joint Controller of Patents and Designs reports to Senior Joint Controller. The joint controller oversees the functions of the deputy controllers who oversee the deputy controller for patents, designs and trademarks.

Patent applications are examined by patent examiners. The Government of India has established a Patent Information System (PIS) in Nagpur to provide patent and patent search services. PIS makes information available to researchers and scientists. The Intellectual Property Training Institute (IPTI) was founded in 2002. The IPTI provides training for staff working in the field of intellectual property and also runs awareness programs for lawyers and researchers.

The Patent Office conducts a patent attorney examination twice a year. A successful candidate can then work as a licensed patent attorney. The exam is conducted at headquarters and at regional office Three.

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